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Malta as a Maritime Hub


Malta is located in the centre of the Mediterranean, 93 km to the south of Sicily and 290 km to the north of Africa, at the crossroads of Southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.


Malta’s strategic position has, since time immemorial, placed the island at the forefront in the maritime sphere.


At the heart of the Mediterranean and in the middle of one of the major shipping arteries Malta has attracted the attention of the great powers dominating their time.

In the early 1500s, Malta was ruled by the Order of St. John (later known as the Knights of Malta) who enhanced Malta’s maritime position through the construction of a shipyard facility.


In June 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte on his way to Egypt eyed the maritime importance of Malta and snatched it from the hands of the Knights.


The importance of Malta as a maritime hub was well known and the British took over the island after just a couple of years of French rule.


Over the years the maritime activity was further improved and modernized and became one of the most valuable assets of the British empire in the Mediterranean for around 150 years.


Malta became a State for all facts and purposes on the 21st September 1964, the day in which it acquired its independence. It was time to change from an island fortress (military) economy to a market economy. Malta continued to take advantage of its maritime assets and has been ever since renowned for its well-equipped ports, skillful seamen and has made excellent use of its position to enhance international trade. The Merchant Ensign was adopted on 12th November 1965. The design of the Malta Flag is similar to the flag flown by the Knights of the Order of St. John in Malta up to 1798 to which a white border has been added.


Malta is a member of the EU, Euro zone and a party to the Schengen agreement. It has adopted the Euro as its official currency. Malta enjoys economic, political and social stability and benefits from excellent international relations. Malta also has an efficient communications infrastructure and people speak English fluently.

Malta has three large natural harbors: the Grand Harbor, Marsamxett Harbor and Marsaxlokk Harbor. The latter being where Malta has its main cargo terminal – The Malta Freeport. Malta with its deep and sheltered natural harbors and well equipped ports offers a haven for international shipping.

The Malta Freeport has helped Malta to become a major transshipment logistic center in the Mediterranean region. This is also advantageous to ship owners as they benefit from undergoing repairs, delivery of ship supplies as well as carry out any crew change requirements, during their cargo operations.

Malta is also widely sought for bunkering of vessels, both ashore and offshore.


Offshore Bunkering operations are allocated in various areas around Malta. On arrival, vessels are allocated a relevant area by the Ports and Yachting Directorate. There are five different areas for bunkering in Malta and these are allocated depending on weather conditions.

The Malta Flag

Established in 1973 as an Open Register of Shipping under the Homeport ‘Valletta’, Malta has become a renowned international ship register which offers ancillary services such as ship supplies and towage services, bunkering, shipyards, shipbuilding, repair as well as facilities such as a Freeport and Yachting Marinas.
The regulator of the Malta Flag, the Malta Maritime Authority, was set up in 1991. It was designed to administer the Malta Registry of Shipping and Seamen. At the beginning of 2010, the Malta Maritime Authority has been incorporated into a wider organization, namely Transport Malta (TM) which has assumed overall responsibility for maritime, land and air transport.

The Malta Flag has experienced significant and constant growth since its birth and is today the largest in Europe and the sixth largest in the world in terms of tonnage.


After joining the EU in 2004 Malta has managed to retain and even went on to strengthen its international status as one of the top maritime flags, not only in terms of size but perhaps more importantly in terms of quality and profile developing into a very attractive, reliable and solid European flag.

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